Allgemein

What Is a Malicious Prosecution Definition

The plaintiff bears the burden of proof that the prosecution (1) was malicious, (2) initiated by or in cooperation with the defendant, (3) without probable reason, (4) ended in a manner that is not unfavorable to the plaintiff. The evidence before the courts supported the conclusion that malevolence had not been established. A prosecution for malicious prosecution is different from a prosecution for false arrest or detention. If a person is arrested by a police officer who does not have the legal authority to arrest, the right recourse is a complaint of false arrest. When a person is detained against his or her will, the right remedy is a prosecution for false incarceration. Malicious prosecutions are only appropriate if the judicial system has been abused. In 2014, the Quebec Court of Appeal ruled that the content of hearings on statements of opposition in criminal cases could be admitted as evidence in a civil lawsuit for malicious prosecution, although the general rule of evidence prohibits the provision of evidence as evidence in court settlement discussions. In particular, the Court held that the inclusion of the content of such negotiations in the evidence was possible if it tended to be able to demonstrate that the Public Prosecutor`s Office had initiated or maintained a criminal complaint on unreasonable grounds. [3] A malicious prosecution is the cure for unfounded and malicious litigation. It is not limited to criminal prosecutions, but can be raised in response to unfounded and malicious litigation or prosecutions, whether criminal or civil. The defendant or civil defendant in a baseless and malicious case may subsequently bring that action in a civil court against the parties who played an active role in the introduction or promotion of the original case. The defendant in the main proceedings becomes the plaintiff in the malicious legal action, and the plaintiff or prosecutor in the original case becomes the defendant. In most States, the claim must be filed within one year of the end of the original case.

Private parties can also sometimes benefit from immunity from malicious prosecution. For example, a person who complains about a lawyer to a discipline committee may be immune. This general rule is followed by the courts to avoid preventing the reporting of complaints against lawyers. In particular, the offence of malicious prosecution only protects the defendant`s right to be immune from frivolous lawsuits brought by malicious plaintiffs. For a variety of public policy reasons, the courts have consistently refused to approve otherwise – a malicious defense offense that would protect plaintiffs` right to be immune from frivolous defenses raised by defendants. [4] The intentional offense “worthy” of malicious persecution can be brought by a person against whom a criminal or civil act was committed without probable cause and with malicious intent. A dignified offence is an offence in which the applicant alleges a violation of his or her human dignity, a category that also includes the infliction of emotional stress and abuse of process. Most states allow the recovery of claims based on civil actions as long as the plaintiff (the defendant in the original case) is able to prove malicious intent and the absence of a probable reason. But some states require direct harm or violation from the plaintiff, in addition to the simple effort to respond to a civil lawsuit.

For example, defamation resulting from a malicious lawsuit, such as . B loss of business due to damaged reputation, would generally be considered a compensable breach. Hodges v. Gibson Products Co. Hodges v. Gibson Products Co., 811 P.2d 151 (Utah 1991), contained all the elements of malicious prosecution. According to Chad Crosgrove, the director of the Gibson Discount Center in West Valley, Utah, on the afternoon of September 4, 1981, it was discovered that the money was missing. Crosgrove and part-time accountant Shauna Hodges both had access to the money, and both denied taking it. On September 9, Crosgrove and Gibson officers went to the local police station, where they filed a charge of theft against Hodges. Crosgrove has not been charged.

Hodges was arrested, handcuffed and taken to prison. After a preliminary hearing, she was released on bail and ordered to return to court on 12 May 1982. Elements of malicious prosecution: (1) the lawsuit was initiated by the defendant and dropped in a manner that is not unfavorable to the plaintiff, (2) it was initiated or obtained through the plaintiff`s cooperation, (3) it was for no probable reason, (4) it was malicious. Legal remedies arising from the circumstances are sufficient for the award of damages, but actual malevolence must be proven in order to obtain punitive damages. To win a malicious suit, the plaintiff must demonstrate four elements: (1) that the original case was closed in favor of the plaintiff, (2) that the defendant played an active role in the original case, (3) that the defendant had no probable or reasonable cause to support the original case, and (4) that the defendant initiated or continued the original case for an improper purpose. Each of these elements poses a challenge to the applicant. Malicious prosecution is a deliberate common law offence. Like the crime of abuse of process, its elements include (1) the intentional (and malicious) initiation and prosecution (or initiation or prosecution of a lawsuit (civil or criminal) brought (2) without probable cause and (3) dismissed in favor of the victim of malicious prosecution. In some jurisdictions, the term “malicious prosecution” refers to the unlawful opening of criminal proceedings, while the term “malicious use of litigation” refers to the unlawful opening of civil proceedings. The defendant played an active role in the original case In a malicious lawsuit, the plaintiff must prove that the defendant played an active role in obtaining or prosecuting the original case. The plaintiff must prove that the defendant participated in more than the original case.

For example, false statements alone are not malicious prosecutions. In addition, witnesses are immune from defamation proceedings, even if they are on the witness stand. Indeed, the concept of a fair and free trial requires that witnesses testify without fear of having to defend a defamation action because of their testimony. The plaintiff in a malicious lawsuit can recover money from the defendant for certain damages suffered. Typical injuries include loss of reputation and credit, humiliation, and psychological suffering. If the original action was a criminal matter, the additional damage often includes discomfort, health injuries, loss of time, and deprivation of society with the family. To initiate malicious prosecutions, the plaintiff must prove that the original case was closed in his favor. If the original case was a criminal prosecution, it must generally have been dismissed by the court, rejected by the grand jury, dropped by the prosecutor, or tried in favor of the accused at trial or appeal.

If the original case was a civil action, the defendant must have won the main hearing or the trial court must have decided the case in favor of the defendant (now plaintiff). Finally, the plaintiff may seek punitive damages. Punitive damages are imposed by judges and jurors to punish a party`s misconduct. Since a malicious lawsuit requires proof of unreasonable intent on the part of the defendant, punitive damages are generally awarded to malicious plaintiffs who receive damages, who receive damages. Victims of malicious lawsuits face several hurdles in obtaining damages for these incidents. First, it is usually difficult to prove that a police officer or government official had no probable reason. The other difficulty lies in the legal concept of qualified immunity […].